Top 10 Dog Breeds from around the world
Dogs are the only animal to have so much variation in appearance without branching into a separate species. While every dog breeds are meant to make for best companion or friends, we select Fantastic Fourteen here to know their distinctive feature, nature and disposition
Originally bred to hunt, haul sledges and herd reindeers in Siberia, they proved their mettle as great companion too to the Samoyede people of the Northwestern Siberia. Tracking, pack hiking and even warming their pet parents by sleeping on top of their pet parents at night are tasks delegated to a Samoyed. This is a hardy dog.
Breed characteristics: They have a beautiful, fluffy white coat, but to keep it in a good condition requires rigorous grooming schedule. Shedding is their middle name and molting their last name, which happens twice a year when profuse shedding happens. Regular brushing and vacuuming the house will become part of your schedule. They are not lethargic dogs, having been bred for pulling sledges, so they will easily get bored. And they need not just physical, but mental exercise and agility as well. Keeping them active is a task that you will need to be very good at, walks, games, hikes and canine sports will all need to become a part of your life. These dogs come from Siberia and cannot survive in a country like India or any tropical country for that matter.
Nature and disposition: They are sweet natured, friendly, intelligent, gentle, loyal and fond of other dogs and children. They are affectionate and thrive on being part of household activity. They cannot be confined to a crate or a yard. They are not a ‘lone wolf’ dog. They enjoy association with the house they live in
mudhol Hound one of the most versatile named dog breeds, this is a Sight Hound of India. He draws his name from the small town of Mudhol. They hail from the Deccan plateau region. They have descended from the Saluki and Tazi who were brought to India by the nomadic Pathans, Afghans, Arabs and Persians through the Khyber Pass. The British named them the Caravan Hound and the locals call them the Karwaani. Their amazing sight helps them chase away rabbits and other small animals.
Breed characteristics: They bear a striking resemblance to a Greyhound. They are one of the healthiest breeds of dogs and don’t have many health issues attached to them. Their breeding and lineage have made sure that they can tolerate the harsh Indian weather and environment well. They have an elongated skull with a tapering muzzle and have a 270 degrees field of vision. They have a short coat that doesn’t require much grooming but the toenails will require regular clipping. Teeth will require regular cleaning as well. The puppies can be a handful because of their speed. Always remember that when you bring home this little bundle of joy, this is a super active dog.
Nature and disposition: They thrive on human companionship and are tolerant of other dogs. They might snap at strangers if they are completely unknown to them and approach them suddenly. They are fiercely loyal to their pet parents and can even attack strangers if they feel that the pet parent is in danger.
The Rajapalayam, as the name suggests, draws his name from the small town of Rajapalayam, which is located in the Virudunagar district of Tamil Nadu. This is a hound and hence should be kept busy, in optimum working condition. A dog breeds left alone to his own devices is a bored dog and a bored Rajapalayam is not good for anyone. They are trained for hunting wild boar and as a formidable guard dog. They are Sight Hounds by nature and it has been proved that with a little training, they can also be used as a Scent Hound. They need wide open spaces.
Breed characteristics: The most prized colour is milky white, with a pink nose and golden eyes. In the past, puppies of colour were usually culled from litters since pet parents, and Nayakarroyalty, for whom these dogs were often raised preferred pure white dogs. This practice is thankfully changing now. The coat is short and fine. This is an extremely handsome and graceful dog. The gait of a full grown, adult Rajapalayam is similar to a trotting of a thoroughbred horse.
Nature and disposition: They are sweet natured, friendly, intelligent, gentle, and fiercely loyal to their pet parents and devoted to a fault. But they do not like to be touched or handled by strangers and are a one person dog. They are hostile to strangers and will attack intruders. Socialisation from puppyhood is a MUST. They do not usually get along with pets such as cats, owing to their strong hunting instinct.
It’s a large Tibetan dog breeds. Originates from China, India, Mongolia and Nepal and used by the local tribes of Tibetans to protect their sheep and livestock from wolves, leopards, bears, and tigers. These dogs are meant for the cold climates of the Himalayas and Tibet and not for Tropical regions.
Breed characteristics: Be mindful that your cute, teddy bear of a puppy will grow up into an 80 kilo dog. This dog is UNSUITED for apartment living. They are active in morning and evening. If your schedule doesn’t allow for exercise during these times, this dog is not for you. This breed of dog sheds very little, except once a year. They require weekly brushing to prevent mats from forming and during their seasonal shed, they should be brushed more often.
Nature and disposition: He is a companion dog and thrives in the presence of a family. They do have a protective streak to them, hence, their walk route should always be varied, in case they become possessive of their walk route. They are highly intelligent, independent, but also quite stubborn, but sensitive to human moods and human screaming or crying will upset them too. Early socialisation is a must, which needs to continue throughout the life of the dog or without it, inappropriate aggressive behaviors can be generated. This is not a first time pet parent’s dog. He needs a confident, firm and loving trainer’s hand, for he is strong willed and he will test you. Their intelligence is their bane, for they will easily resort to destructive behaviours, chewing, barking. They do well with children if they are raised with them. But they can mistake the screaming, yelling and playing to be an act of aggression and may not like the neighborhood children, and are not recommended for homes with young children.
A working breed originating in the mountainous regions of Japan, Akita is a large, powerful, dignified, courageous and alert breed. This dog breeds are popular in the show ring as well as performance and therapy work. There are two strains, a Japanese strain, called Akita Inu, and the American strain, called Akita. The Japanese strain comes in a narrow palette of while the American strain comes in all the dog colours. These dogs were bred in the mountains and that is where they belong.
Breed characteristics: The coat is thick and double coat and can be any colour including white, brindle or pinto. It is a short double coat, similar to many other northern spitz dogs such as the Husky. The trademark is the plush tail that curls over his back. They require weekly grooming. Their appearance reflects living in cold weather adaptations, essential for their original function. They have heavy bones for their height. They have a large bear like head with triangular ears sat straight up; small, knuckled, cat like feet and small, dark, deeply set, triangular eyes. They are an active breed. They aren’t very hyper, but they do need regular exercise to stay in shape and to avoid disease.
Nature and disposition: They are generally territorial about their property and reserved with strangers, sometimes almost cat like in actions. They are bold and willful, but extremely loyal to their own family, and courageous to a fault. Akita is best suited for a one dog household. With his own family, the Akita is cheerful and playful and likes to participate in everyday activities. They are a little mouthy and will carry things around in their mouths, so providing them toys and teaching them appropriate vs inappropriate is very critical. Even though he is thought to be a quiet dog, he is quite noisy, he whines and moans and yes, barks, if the situation warrants it. He has a strong personality, not fit for a first time pet parent.
The Azawakh valley in the Sahara desert in West Africa is the source of origin for the dog breeds by the same name, the Azawakh. This Sight Hound livestock guardian dog is also used as a hunting dog but that is a secondary function because of the lack of game in the Western African region. Azawakh is a lean and swift hunter with a regal presence, proud and loyal, protective of his home and family.
Breed characteristics: The short, smooth Azawakh coat comes in a variety of colours, including clear sand to dark red, white, black, blue, grey, brindle, grizzle, parti-colour, and all shades of brown, including chocolate. The stomach may sometimes be hairless. Keep a brushing mitten handy and giving your hound a once over with the mitten once in two days should be enough. Regular washing isn’t necessary, but when you do give them a bath, use a mild, hypoallergenic shampoo as they have hypersensitive skin.
Nature and disposition: They are loyal, deeply affectionate and independent dogs. Their primary function is that of protector. He develops an intense bond with his pet parent and yet, can perform independent of the pet parent. With the pet parent that they accept, they are extremely gentle and affectionate. They are reserved with strangers and prefer not to be touched. Although they are raised to protect livestock, they do not have innate aggression towards human or canine unless provoked.
When it comes to companion dogs, this is the richest of the companion dogs. The Löwchen is a toy dog breeds and a companion dog breed and still finds himself in the same role amongst the rich and the elite of the world. Active and smart, they do well in obedience and agility competitions as well. They surpass expectations as family companions. This is not an outdoor or a kennel dog. They once had the dubious distinction of being one of the rarest dogs in the world and at one time, there were only 65 of them. Even today, there are only a few hundred new registrations worldwide.
Breed characteristics: The coat is long and flowing and comes in many colors. It is not fluffy or frizzy or fly-away and not harsh but wavy with a mix of thicker hair. The Löwchen does not shed and this breed has very low allergic effect and is considered hypoallergenic. The long and wavy coat is often give a lion cut to give the appearance of a male lion by shaving off haunches, back legs, front legs except for bracelets around the ankles. Dogs in this cut may need protection in wintertime. Regular brushing and grooming to prevent mats and tangles is a must.
Nature and temperament: This is a friendly, healthy and happy dog. Barking is a much-enjoyed pastime of the Löwchen. They make excellent watchdogs but can easily become a nuisance to the neighbours. They make great apartment pets as long as the exercise requirements for at least 20 minutes in the morning and the same in the evening are met. Many enjoy digging and must be discouraged. They often suffer from separation anxiety and it must be prevented from setting in before its onset. Socialisation from puppyhood that continues throughout the lifetime of the dog is a must
Egyptian Pharaoh Hound
Egyptian Pharaoh Hound is the national dog of Malta. This dog breeds has nothing to do with Egypt. Genetic analysis has proven that it has no link to Egypt, but a popular lore holds that the breed descended from Tesem, an ancient Egyptian hunting dog. Some believe for there to be similarities between the dogs found in the images on the walls of the ancient tombs in Egypt. It is traditionally used for hunting rabbits in the Maltese islands.
Breed characteristics: They appear very graceful and elegant, as well as powerful and athletic. They are not bulky or with excessive musculature, but elegant and charming and graceful. With amber colored eyes and long, lean and slightly arched, muscular neck, they are a beauty to behold. A long, fine, straight tail looks and acts almost like a whip. The tail is carried down when the dog is relaxed and carried up, either on level, or curled above its back when the dog is in motion or excited or alert about something. The coat is fine without any feathering. The texture can be silky or hard, but never long, but always glossy. They get cold easily due to this short cost and must be kept warm. Most clubs accept red, the shade of red varies, from tan to a deep chestnut. They also have some white markings on chest, toes, tail tip and forehead sometimes.
Nature and temperament: Early and lifelong socialisation is a must. He can be sensitive to changes in schedule and stress over it. Un-socialised dogs have a harder time adjusting to change. Unless properly trained to follow a recall, that is, to come back when called, a 100 percent of the time, they should not be allowed off leash, because they have a very high prey drive and they like to hunt, as this was their original function. They will chase smaller animals for miles. Fences and walls should be high so that they cannot climb over them. They do well in multiple dog homes as long as the other dog is not smaller than them or puppies, as this can trigger their prey drive. They are also barkers which they do when chasing prey in the wild and they will indulge in long bark-a-thons when you are away. Stool eating is a disgusting habit often seen in Pharaoh Hounds, so keep it clean.
The AKC standard says “Of great size and commanding appearance, the Irish Wolfhound is remarkable in combining power and swiftness with sight.” This dog breeds was originally bred for use in war to drag men off horses and chariots. They often also hunted large game such as deer, boar and wolves. Today this easily adaptable dog is a loving family companion and they are often also used in obedience, luring and coursing.
Breed characteristics: This is the tallest of all breeds according to the American Kennel Club. The largest and tallest of the galloping hounds, he has a roughcoat, very muscular, greyhound like build, easy and active movements, head and neck are high, tail carried upward with a sweep. It is taller than a Great Dane, but built like a greyhound, it should not be confused as being the heavier breed as well. The color of the coat varies from grey, brindle, red, black, white, fawn and wheaten.
Nature and temperament: This hound has a variety of personalities and quirks and the breed is noted for how each specimen of this breed is different from another with an individual identity. They are never mindless and rarely found to be boisterous or destructive. They are generally introverted, intelligent and reserved and very easy going. They form strong bonds with their family and should never be left alone in a yard because they thrive on interaction with their families. They become attached to the humans and animals that they are raised with and are great with children and other pets. Their motto appears to be ‘gentle when stroked, fierce when provoked.
Also known as the Persian Greyhound or Tazi, this dog breeds was originally developed in the fertile crescent of ancient Egypt. One of the oldest breeds there is, they were once considered gift from Allah. Don’t be fooled by their dainty looks. They are avid hunters and possess the strength, endurance and stamina to chase quarry over long distance and difficult terrain. They are now popular at coursing events and the show ring as well and domestic family pets.
Breed characteristics: They possess the deep-chested, long-legged body of sighthounds with a long and narrow head and large eyes with drop ears. The tails is long and curved with a fan of hairs at the end. The coat colors vary with white, fawn, red, grizzle, tan, black and tan and tricolor (white, black and tan) being all-acceptable. There are two types of coats, smooth and feathered. The latter variety has light feathering on the legs and thighs and the fur is silky. This is a low shedding breed. They are one of the swiftest breed of dogs and they are faster over long distances and his stamina is due to his heavily padded feet. Provide them a comfortable bed because they don’t have padding to be comfortable on the floor.
Nature and temperament: They retain the nature of Sight Hounds. They need to run and exercise and do not do well in apartments unless you sprint that 7 miles each day and can take a swift dog with you. Otherwise, you will have a very bored, hyper destructive dog on your hands. They must be leashed unless in a secure, fenced area because of a high prey drive. Early and ongoing socialisation is a must. They are a family dog and love being a part of your daily activity and should not be left outdoors. They make great companions for calmer, older children, but not recommended for homes with small children or other small pets.
Hairless Peruvian Inca Orchid
This dog breeds finds his origin in the Peruvian pre Inca cultures, just like the name suggests. It is one of the several hairless dog breeds. One of the oddest looking breeds of dog, it is completely hairless, with an elephant grey color. Some researchers suggests that this dog was introduced in Peru during the Chinese immigration, soon after the promulgation of the law abolishing the slavery of the Africans by the President of Peru. Others suggest that this dog comes from the African continent through the intermediary of nomads who arrived in America accompanied by this hairless dog. Another explanation is due to the migration of men and their dogs from Asia to American through the Bering Strait.
Breed characteristics: Hairlessness is the primary aspect for the establishment of this breed. There is a small tuft of hair on the forehead. Skin colour chocolate brown, grey, copper or mottled. They are slim and elegant with an impression of force and harmony. The ears are erect and eyes clear and light colored. The lack of hair leads to the myth that they stay clean, but they need sponging daily. They do stay clear of ticks and fleas and dander, but the dogs suffer in different ways. They don’t have any protection from heat and sunburns are easily caused. They are also very easily cold because they have no fur insulating them against the cold. So make sure you put them in a sweater and blanket when it is cold outside. The skin can also dry out because of the heating in the house and must be kept moisturized.
Nature and temperament: He is noble and affectionate with those close to him and wary and alert and a good watchdog with strangers. This dog needs to be taken on a daily walk and taught basic agility and obedience in order to engage his overly active mind. He is good with children and is playful, energetic, and affectionate with small children and pets.
About the Author
Dogs are my life, and that’s why I’m here – to share my stories and experience to help you, and all the other dog lovers out there.
My name is Robi-ul, and I’m one of the main writers here at Pup In Tub.
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